The taste of the beverage goes from the very mild, grown in the lower and medium areas, to the sweet and complex citrus flavors of the highlands of Perez Zeledón and Coto Brus.
This region is located to the south of the country and is composed of the counties of Coto Brus, Buenos Aires and Pérez Zeledón. Cultivation began in Perez Zeledón in the late XIX century, brought by the first colonists from the Central Valley, who carried with them their already strong coffee culture.
Coffee growing in Pérez Zeledón takes place along a wide range of microclimates, with altitudes that oscillate between 800 and 1,700 meters (2,624 to 5,577 feet) above sea level and average temperatures of 22°C (71°F). These conditions allow for a coffee that is capable of satisfying the most demanding palates. The area of cultivation is estimated at around 12,000 hectares (39,370 acres), composed of 4,200 farms, so that the generated resources are distributed among a large part of the local population.
In 1950, Italian immigrants arrived in Coto Brus and, together with the resident Costa Ricans, established the first plantations and the emerging coffee industry of the area. Coto Brus’ economy depends almost completely on coffee: 2,600 coffee farmers are registered and their activities involve some 75 communities. On average, the Coto Brus region is the highest and most humid, with temperatures oscillating between 18 and 26°C (64 and 790°F).
Most of the coffee growing area of Buenos Aires occupies the base of the La Amistad International Park, successfully blending coffee activities with rural tourism. In this beautiful region, coffee growing happens among a notorious biological diversity, with the influence of its valleys, mountains and rivers showing in the bean and affecting, among other things, the taste of the beverage.