The influence of high temperature and a dry climate makes the bean long and easy to roast. The beverage is smooth, of light body and acidity, with very defined salty and bitter tones.
The Guanacaste Coffee Region is characterized by being spread into smaller areas, distributed between the provinces of Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Alajuela (Sarapiquí and San Carlos). Producers are mostly small, with harvests fluctuating between 50,000 and 70,000 quintals a year, a high percentage of which are classified as of the Pacific type.
These coffee regions are located in the fresher mountainous areas of the Volcanic and Guanacaste ranges. Around 85% of the plantations here present regulated forested areas whose predominant trees are Erythrinae or “Poró”, Musaceae Ingas or “Guaba”, fruit trees and exotic woods. This type of production is known as “Sustainable coffee cultivation.”
Coffee areas in the Guanacaste Region grow on Andisol soils of volcanic origin, with great fertility and excellent structure. They may also be found, though in smaller size, in San Carlos and Sarapiquí, in soils that are Inceptisol towards middle heights and Ultisol in the lowlands. As in the other coffee regions, the Arabica species is cultivated here, with predominance of the Caturra and Catuaí varieties.
Guanacaste presents well-defined dry and rainy seasons, excepting San Carlos and Sarapiquí, where the rainy season may be longer, although with less intensity during the summer months. In the Guanacaste and Puntarenas provinces, the average yearly precipitation is of 2,100 millimeters (83 inches) in hot weather, especially in summer, when temperatures are over 30°C (86°F).